ntpviz (rtt/2)

Dan Drown dan-ntp at drown.org
Thu Sep 8 15:39:07 UTC 2016

Quoting Hal Murray <hmurray at megapathdsl.net>:
> I prefer RTT rather than RTT/2.
> RTT/2 suggests that the routing is symmetric which is wrong quite often.

Adding +/- RTT/2 on the graph reverses the assumption ntp uses that  
the routing is symmetric.  ntp already subtracts rtt/2 from the  
calculated offset to estimate the one way latency.  Removing that from  
the equation will show you the relevant offsets of: when the request  
started and when the response was received.

Here's an example of an upstream source that had the request latency  
(in green) change due to routing paths:

You can see the response latency (in blue) did not change  
significantly.  So the sudden jump in the NTP offset (in red) was not  
due to the clocks changing frequencies relative to each other, but due  
to routing effects.

You can also see that after the 23rd, the new request path had a lot  
more jitter that is not in the response path.  This also impacts the  

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